Infertility is often diagnosed based on how long you have been trying to get pregnant without seeing the results you are hoping for.
It’s normal to take up to a year to get pregnant. However, there are two key time frames you should keep in mind.
If you are under 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months, you may want to seek expert help.
If you are over 35 and have been trying to start a family for the last 6 months, do consult your doctor for fertility advice.
The first step towards treating infertility is a correct diagnosis.
Fertility tests are the accurate way to know whether you are infertile, and its causes.
Your doctor will need to delve into both of your medical histories, while conducting some diagnostic tests.
On average, 100 million sperm cells are released during ejaculation. Of these, only 1 sperm is needed to fertilise the egg.2
- Sometimes, the results of the fertility tests done by you and your partner can turn out to be normal, and may come back without a definitive reason behind your fertility problems.
- In this case, you have what is medically termed as ‘unexplained infertility'.
- Approximately 8% of couples will be diagnosed with unexplained infertility after their diagnostic work-up.
- Unexplained infertility is not a reason to despair; your doctor will advise you on the available fertility treatment options to help you start a family.
- Mayo Clinic. Infertility. Diagnosis and treatment. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infertility/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354322. Accessed April 2020.
- Urology Care Foundation. Infertility by the numbers. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/educational-materials/infertility- infographic. Accessed: April 2020.
- Patrick Thonneau, Sophie Marchand, Anne Tallec, Marie-Laure Ferial, Béatrice Ducot, Jacques Lansac, Patrice Lopes, Jean-Marie Tabaste, Alfred Spira, Incidence and main causes of infertility in a resident population (1 850 000) of three French regions (1988–1989) * , Human Reproduction, Volume 6, Issue 6, July 1991, Pages 811–816, https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.humrep.a137433.